Self Care – Self-Efficacy Scale

Primary Contact:

Barbara Riegel, PhD, RN, FAAN, FAHA
Penn Nursing
University of Pennsylvania
418 Curie Boulevard
Philadelphia, PA 19104-4217


Co-Director, International Center for Self-Care Research

Confidence is not part of self-care per se, but a factor that greatly influences self-care. For this reason, we include a confidence (or self-efficacy) scale as part of the self-care scales. The Self-Care Self-Efficacy scale can be used alone or with one of the other self-care scales.

Many of the scales on this website already include the Self-Care Self-Efficacy (SCSE) scale embedded within. If it’s an old scale, it might include a 6-item “confidence” scale. We recommend that you replace those items with this 10-item SCSE scale if possible. If no additional confidence items are included, we strongly recommend that you use the SCSE scale because self-efficacy is a major predictor of self-care.

Psychometric testing of this instrument is described in this paper:
Yu DSF, De Maria M, Barbaranelli C, Vellone E, Matarese M, Ausili D, Rabelo-Silva ER, Osokpo OH, Riegel B. Cross-cultural applicability of the Self-Care Self-Efficacy Scale in a multi-national study. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 2021; 77:681-692.* DOI:10.1111/jan.14617